8888 UPRISING PDF

File Uprising. Students planned for a nationwide demonstration on August 8, , an auspicious date based on numerological significance. Mass demonstrations were held across Burma as ethnic minorities, Buddhists , Muslims , students, workers and the young and old all demonstrated. A stage was also erected. Only one casualty was reported at this point as a frightened traffic policeman fired into the crowd and fled. Many participants in the protests arrived from nearby towns and villages.

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Economic problems[ edit ] Before the crisis, Burma had been ruled by the repressive and isolated regime of General Ne Win since Economic problems coupled with counter-insurgency required continuous involvement in the international market.

Meanwhile, larger protests in Mandalay involved monks and workers, with some burning government buildings and state businesses. He was later arrested. Various demonstrations were broken up by using tear gas canisters to disperse crowds.

Protests reached their peak in August Students planned for a nationwide demonstration on 8 August , an auspicious date based on numerological significance. In the first few days of the Rangoon protests, activists contacted lawyers and monks [36] in Mandalay to encourage them to take part in the protests.

It was on this day, too, that the junta made its first determined attempt at repression. Soldiers opened fire on the demonstrators and hundreds of unarmed marchers were killed. The killings continued for a week, but still the demonstrators continued to flood the streets. Mass demonstrations were held across Burma as ethnic minorities, Buddhists , Muslims , students , workers and the young and old all demonstrated. A stage was also erected. Only one casualty was reported at this point as a frightened traffic policeman fired into the crowd and fled.

Many participants in the protests arrived from nearby towns and villages. In one village, 2, of the 5, people also went on strike. Security forces exercised greater caution with demonstrators, particularly in neighbourhoods that were entirely controlled by demonstrators and committees. Maung Maung was appointed as head of government. Burmese Navy personnel demonstrating Nationwide demonstrations resumed on 22 August In Mandalay, , people protested, including Buddhist monks and 50, demonstrated in Sittwe.

During this time, demonstrators became increasingly wary of "suspicious looking" people and police and army officers. On one occasion, a local committee mistakenly beheaded a couple thought to have been carrying a bomb. Meanwhile, the police and army began fraternising with the protesters. It shoots straight to kill. Many others were missing. Many in Burma believed that the regime would have collapsed had the United Nations and neighbouring countries refused recognition to the coup.

In the conferences, he detailed a conspiracy of the right acting with "subversive foreigners" of plotting to overthrow the regime and a conspiracy of the left acting to overthrow the State. There is also support for the movement amongst students in Thailand , which is commemorated every 8 August since. Poems were written by students who participated in the protests. The film Beyond Rangoon is based on a true story that took place during the uprising.

The uprising led to the death and imprisonment of thousands of individuals. Many of the deaths were inside the prisons, where prisoners of conscience were subjected to inhumane torture and deprived of basic provisions, such as food, water, medicine, and sanitation. From up until , the military and police illegally detained and imprisoned tens of thousands of democracy leaders, as well as intellectuals, artists, students, and human rights activists.

Pyone Cho , one of the leaders of the uprising, spent 20 years of his adult life in prison. Ko Ko Gyi , another leader of the uprising, spent 18 years of his life in prison. Min Ko Naing was placed in solitary confinement for nine years for his role as a leader of the uprising.

Many of the student leaders of the uprising became lifelong activists and human rights leaders. Many of the same activists played a role 19 years later during the Saffron Revolution.

The 88 Generation Students Group , named for the events of 8 August , organised one of the first protests that eventually culminated in the Saffron Revolution. They were arrested, however, prior to large-scale demonstrations and given lengthy prison sentences of up to 65 years. They continue to work as politicians and human rights activists in Myanmar. They also campaigned for the National League for Democracy in the Elections. Pyone Cho, one of the main leaders of the 88 Generation, was elected to the House of Representatives in the Election.

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8888 Uprising

Kallie Szczepanski is a history teacher specializing in Asian history and culture. She has taught at the high school and university levels in the U. The demonstrations forced him out of office on July 23, , but Ne Win appointed General Sein Lwin as his replacement. Sein Lwin was known as the "Butcher of Rangoon" for being in command of the army unit that massacred Rangoon University students in July of , as well as for other atrocities. Tensions, already high, threatened to boil over.

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The 8888 Uprising: An unfinished revolution

Economic problems[ edit ] Before the crisis, Burma had been ruled by the repressive and isolated regime of General Ne Win since Economic problems coupled with counter-insurgency required continuous involvement in the international market. Meanwhile, larger protests in Mandalay involved monks and workers, with some burning government buildings and state businesses. He was later arrested. Various demonstrations were broken up by using tear gas canisters to disperse crowds. Protests reached their peak in August Students planned for a nationwide demonstration on 8 August , an auspicious date based on numerological significance.

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The 8888 Uprising in Myanmar (Burma)

On 8 August, , all people including monks throughout the country joined the call to abolish military rule and demanded democracy. Among the causes that triggered the uprising, undoubtedly the most important and basic cause is worsening economic situation. People who could no longer bear to stand the economic hardship they were facing wanted a new government that could help improve the economy and their lives by setting the country on a path to democracy. It is undeniable that the Uprising is a movement that was able to bring many changes in the country over the last 30 years, although its goals have yet to be fully achieved. He said the meager freedom we are enjoying today is one of the fruits of Uprising.

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