It is impossible in a review of this size even to try to detail the myriad of major and minor revisions that C. Richard Prins marked it as to-read Jan 14, Osiris represents Aurelian, obviously. The latter, a propagandic allegorical story based on prefect Aurelianus, and Magister Militum Gianas. Open Preview See a Problem? Barnes that eventually appeared in GRBS for p. View freely available titles: Hall — — The Classical Review 37 Adcadius are no discussion topics on this book yet.
|Published (Last):||27 August 2011|
|PDF File Size:||7.8 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||11.85 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
In January , at the age of 5, his father declared him an Augustus and co-ruler for the eastern half of the Empire. His younger brother was later declared Augustus in , for the Western half. During these early years, Arcadius was under the tutelage of the rhetorician Themistius and Arsenius Zonaras , a monk. However, during an absence in Antioch where, according to Zosimus , Rufinus had Lucianus, the comes orientis , flogged to death with whips loaded with lead ,  Arcadius was shown a painting of Aelia Eudoxia , the daughter of the deceased Frankish Magister Militum per Orientem, Bauto.
Introduced to Arcadius by the eunuch Eutropius , the Praepositus sacri cubiculi , the young emperor swiftly fell in love, and the marriage was quickly arranged, with the ceremony performed on 27 April Declaring he was marching to deal with Alaric, he set off to the east, reaching Thessaly , leading both his own forces as well as the Gothic mercenaries whom Theodosius had taken west in the civil war with Eugenius.
Arcadius and Rufinus were more concerned by the threat of Stilicho then they were of Alaric;  Arcadius ordered Stilicho not to proceed any further, but instead to send back the eastern regiments. Stilicho complied, falling back to Salona , while the Gothic mercenaries under the command of Gainas marched onwards to Constantinople.
He brought to trial two prominent military officers, Timasius and Abundantius. Secondly, the role that Eutropius held, the Praepositus sacri cubiculi grand chamberlain was given the rank of illustris , and therefore equal in rank to the praetorian prefects. For traditionalists, the granting of the consulship to a eunuch and former slave was an insult, and the western court refused to recognise him as consul. The emperor sent out two forces to deal with Tribigild; the first under Leo was defeated.
The second, commanded by Gainas, an enemy of Eutropius, returned to Arcadius, and argued that the Ostrogoths could not be defeated and that it would be sensible to agree to their demand. Let him learn that he has been deprived of the rank of the patriciate and all lower dignities that he stained with the perversity of his character.
That all the statues, all the images —whether of bronze or marble, or painted in colours, or of any other material used in art—we command to be abolished in all cities, towns, private and public places, that they may not, as a brand of infamy on our age, pollute the gaze of beholders.
He attempted to take his forces across the Hellespont into Asia, but was intercepted and defeated by Fravitta , another Goth who held the position of magister militum praesentalis.
Following his defeat, Gainas fled to the Danube with his remaining followers, but was ultimately defeated and killed by Uldin the Hun in Thrace. The Archbishop was a stern, ascetic individual, who was a vocal critic of all displays of extravagant wealth. But his ire tended to focus especially on wealthy women, and their use of clothing, jewellery and makeup as being vain and frivolous. In September a silver statue of Eudoxia was erected in the Augustaion , near the Magna Ecclesia church.
This time Arcadius was unwilling to overlook the insult to his wife; a new synod was called in early where Chrysostom was condemned. Arcadius hesitated until Easter to enforce the sentence, but Chrysostom refused to go, even after Arcadius sent in a squad of soldiers to escort him into exile. Arcadius procrastinated, but by 20 June , the emperor finally managed to get the Archbishop to submit, and he was taken away to his place of banishment, this time to the Caucasus in Abkhazia.
He attempted to heal the divisions of the past decade by trying to make peace with Stilicho in the West. Stilicho, however, had lost patience with the eastern court, and in encouraged Alaric and the Visigoths to seize the Praetorian prefecture of Illyricum and hand it over to the western empire. He was succeeded by his young son, Theodosius  Like Constantine the Great and several of his successors, he was buried in the Church of the Holy Apostles , in a porphyry sarcophagus that was described in the 10th century by Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus in the De Ceremoniis.
Character and achievements Edit In noting the character of Arcadius, the historian J. Bury described him and his abilities thus: He was of short stature, of dark complexion, thin and inactive, and the dullness of his wit was betrayed by his speech and by his sleepy, drooping eyes.
His mental deficiency and the weakness of his character made it inevitable that he should be governed by the strong personalities of his court. Scholars such as the historian J. Both works have traditionally been interpreted to support the thesis that there were anti-barbarian and pro-barbarian groups, with the Praetorian Prefect Aurelianus being the leader of the anti-barbarian faction. Burns: "Despite much civilian distrust and outright hatred of the army and the barbarians in it, there were no anti-barbarian or pro-barbarian parties at the court.
Not being a military leader, he began to promote a new type of imperial victory through images, not via the traditional military achievements, but focusing on his piety. The Pentelic marble portrait head of Arcadius now in the Istanbul Archaeology Museum was discovered in Istanbul close to the Forum Tauri, in June , in excavating foundations for new buildings of the University at Beyazit.
But by continuing to reign - so harmlessly that nobody had taken the trouble to depose him - he had maintained legal continuity during a troubled time.
Barbarians and politics at the Court of Arcadius
Barbarians and Politics at the Court of Arcadius. The Transformation of the Classical Heritage, Berkeley: University of California Press, Not many years later, Constantinople was the site of a rebellion and a massacre, in which thousands of Goths were butchered by Roman citizens.
BARBARIANS AND POLITICS AT THE COURT OF ARCADIUS PDF
University of California Press, , pp. Publication Date: May 18, List Price: Description The chaotic events of A. In this masterly study, Alan Cameron and Jacqueline Long propose a complete rewriting of received wisdom concerning the social and political history of these years. Our knowledge of the period comes to us in part through Synesius of Cyrene, who recorded his view of events in his De regno and De providentia. By redating these works, Cameron and Long offer a vital new interpretation of the interactions of pagans and Christians, Goths and Romans.
Sorry, your browser doesn't support frames...
Kazigore Project MUSE — Barbarians and Politics at the Court of Arcadius review The anti-barbarian forces won the day and they purged the barbarians from the army and the administration. Ancient Greek and Roman Philosophy categorize this paper. Sign in to use this feature. By redating these works, Cameron and Long offer a vital new interpretation of the interactions of pagans and Christians, Goths and Romans. Not many years later, Constantinople was the site of a rebellion and a massacre, in which thousands of Goths were butchered by Roman citizens.
Barbarians and politics at the Court of Arcadius