She is known for her independent films and documentaries, including one about Alexander Graham Bell. Paul Nipkow devised the notion of dissecting the image and transmitting it sequentially. To do this he designed the first television scanning device. Paul Nipkow created a rotating scanning disk camera called the Nipkow disk, a device for picture analyzation that consisted of a rapidly rotating disk placed between a scene and a light sensitive selenium element. The image had only 18 lines of resolution. Nipkow Disk According to R.

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While at school in neighbouring Neustadt now Wejherowo , in the province of West Prussia , Nipkow experimented in telephony and the transmission of moving pictures. After graduation, he went to Berlin in order to study science. He studied physiological optics with Hermann von Helmholtz , and electro-physics with Adolf Slaby. Accounts of its invention state that the idea came to him while sitting alone at home with an oil lamp on Christmas Eve , Alexander Bain had transmitted images telegraphically in the s but the Nipkow disk improved the encoding process.

He applied to the imperial patent office in Berlin for a patent covering an "electric telescope" for the "electric reproduction of illuminating objects", in the category "electric apparatuses". This was granted on 15 January , retroactive to January 6, It is not known whether Nipkow ever attempted a practical realization of this disk but one may assume that he himself never constructed one. The patent lapsed after 15 years owing to lack of interest.

Nipkow took up a position as a designer at an institute in Berlin-Buchloh and did not continue work on the broadcasting of pictures.

First TV systems[ edit ] The first television broadcasts used an optical-mechanical picture scanning method, the method that Nipkow had helped create with his disk; he could claim credit for the invention. Nipkow recounted his first sight of television at a Berlin radio show in "The televisions stood in dark cells. Hundreds stood and waited patiently for the moment at which they would see television for the first time. I waited among them, growing ever more nervous.

Now for the first time, I would see what I had devised 45 years ago. Finally, I reached the front row; a dark cloth was pushed to the side, and I saw before me a flickering image, not easy to discern. Nipkow died in Berlin in two days after his 80th birthday and had an official ceremony organised by the Nazi government. In one of the last episodes of the British spy drama series Secret Army , Nipkow is credited with being the sole inventor of television by as he unveils the closed-circuit TV surveillance cameras and monitors he has set up at Gestapo headquarters in Brussels.


Disco de Nipkow

Juzragore Disco de Nipkow — Wikipedia, a enciclopedia libre The scanning disk can be replaced by a polygonal mirror, but this suffers from the same problem — lack of integration over time. A simple acquisition device can be built by using an electrical motor driving a Nipkow disk, a small box containing a single light-sensitive electric element and a conventional image focusing device lens, dark boxetc. Another advantage is that the receiving device is very similar to the acquisition device, except that the light-sensitive device is replaced by a variable light source, driven by the signal provided by the acquisition device. Views Read Edit View history. A Nipkow disk sometimes Anglicized as Nipkov disk; patented inalso known as scanning diskis a mechanical, rotating, geometrically operating image scanning device, patented in by Paul Gottlieb Nipkow.

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Paul Gottlieb Nipkow



Television History - Paul Nipkow




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