Names[ edit ] Particularly in horticulture , the name coral tree is used as a collective term for these plants. Flame tree is another vernacular name, but may refer to a number of unrelated plants as well. Many species of Erythrina have bright red flowers, and this may be the origin of the common name. However, the growth of the branches can resemble the shape of sea coral rather than the color of Corallium rubrum specifically, and this is an alternative source for the name. Mullumurikku is a widespread name in Kerala.
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Crown development and biomass production of pollarded Erythrina berteroana, E. Agroforestry Systems, 24 2 Nygren A, In: Westley S, Powell, M, eds. Erythrina in the New and Old Worlds. Agroforestree Database: a tree reference and selection guide version 4. World Agroforestry Centre. National list of invasive and potentially invasive plants in the Republic of Cuba - Perez E, Tesis Magister Scientiae.
Turrialba, Costa Rica. Romero F, Productivity of Gliricidia sepium and Erythrina berteroana in live fences managed under three pruning frequencies in the Atlantic zone of Costa Rica. Russo RO, The use of Erythrina species in the Americas. Erythrina in the new and old worlds.
Erythrina berteroana. In: Tropical tree seed manual. Agricultural Handbook [ed. Salvat SA, Gran Atlas, Gran Atlas, 12 y Sanchez JF; Moreno R, Adapt[at]ion of some leguminous trees for agroforestry use in the north coast of Colombia. Leucaena Research Reports, ; 10 ref. Erythrina Alkaloids: isolation and characterization of alkaloids from seven Erythrina Species. Planta Medica, Flora of Guatemala, IV. Fieldiana Bot. Field Mus.
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International Legume Database and Information Service.
Uses Cultivated here and there as an ornamental, as a living fence post, as fuelwood species, and cork substitute Duke, Resides living fenceposts and hedges, the trees have been grown as support in vanilla plantations. According to Little and Wadsworth, it is seldom used for anything but fuel in Puerto Rico. The wood is whitish, soft, lightweight specific gravity 0. Cattle and rabbits graze the young shoots and leaves. In Guatemala, flower buds, young leaves, and young twigs are eaten like stringbeans though deemed potentially harmful Little and Wadsworth, Poisonous seeds have been strung into bracelets, necklaces, and novelties.
Erythrina berteroana – Pito Coral Tree
It has thorny branches and inch long leaves which grow on groups of three. The flowers are red and inches long and grow in loose clusters. The seeds are bright red and shaped like beans Ratsch , Erythrina berteroana grows in Guatemala, El Salvador, and southern Mexico.
The branches are smooth and thorny. The flowers are pink or red, appearing at the same time as the leaves. They are large and tubular, each with a banner, wings and keels, nine stamens bunched together and one free, and a long pistil. The tree usually blooms from December to March, with pollination being performed by hummingbirds , usually by long-billed starthroats Heliomaster longirostris. It prefers acidic soils to pH 4 and tolerates high levels of aluminium in the soil.