GASTON BACHELARD LAUTREAMONT PDF

Leven en werk[ bewerken brontekst bewerken ] Bachelard werd geboren als zoon van een tabakshandelaar. Na het gymnasium werkte hij enige tijd als postbeambte en studeerde in zijn vrije tijd natuurkunde. Later studeerde hij filosofie, werd leraar en uiteindelijk professor in de wetenschapsgeschiedenis en de filosofie der natuurwetenschappen aan de Universiteit van Parijs. Hier volgde hij Abel Rey op, die ook de promotor van Bachelards proefschrift was. Hij was medeoprichter van het filosofische tijdschrift Dialectica , samen met Paul Bernays en Ferdinand Gonseth.

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He became professor of philosophy at the University of Dijon in , and held the chair in the history and philosophy of science at the University of Paris from to In epistemology and the philosophy of science, Bachelard espoused a dialectical rationalism, or dialogue between reason and experience. He rejected the Cartesian conception of scientific truths as immutable; he insisted on experiment as well as mathematics in the development of science.

Bachelard described the cooperation between the two as a philosophy of saying no, of being ever ready to revise or abandon the established framework of scientific theory to express the new discoveries.

In addition to his contributions to the epistemological foundations of science, Bachelard explored the role of reverie and emotion in the expressions of both science and more imaginative thinking.

His psychological explanations of the four elements-earth, air, fire, water-illustrate this almost poetic aspect of his philosophy. He studied English literature in Paris at the Sorbonne and graduated with a degree in mental and moral science from Trinity College in Dublin. In , he moved to Zurich and enrolled at the C.

Jung Institute. In , he became the director of studies at the institute and stayed in that position for the next 10 years. He died due to complications of bone cancer on October 27, at the age of

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