He was the son of elementary-school teacher Susanna Colussi, named after her Jewish great-grandmother,  and Carlo Alberto Pasolini, a lieutenant in the Italian army ; they had married in Pasolini was born in and named after a paternal uncle. His family moved to Conegliano in , then to Belluno in , where their second son, Guidalberto, was born. That same year, his father first detained, then identified Anteo Zamboni as the would-be assassin of Benito Mussolini following his assassination attempt. One of his early influences was the work of Arthur Rimbaud. Pasolini found it difficult to adapt to all these dislocations, though he enlarged his poetry and literature readings Dostoyevsky , Tolstoy , Shakespeare , Coleridge , Novalis and left behind the religious fervour of his early years.
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He was the son of elementary-school teacher Susanna Colussi, named after her Jewish great-grandmother,  and Carlo Alberto Pasolini, a lieutenant in the Italian army ; they had married in Pasolini was born in and named after a paternal uncle. His family moved to Conegliano in , then to Belluno in , where their second son, Guidalberto, was born. That same year, his father first detained, then identified Anteo Zamboni as the would-be assassin of Benito Mussolini following his assassination attempt.
One of his early influences was the work of Arthur Rimbaud. Pasolini found it difficult to adapt to all these dislocations, though he enlarged his poetry and literature readings Dostoyevsky , Tolstoy , Shakespeare , Coleridge , Novalis and left behind the religious fervour of his early years. In the Reggio Emilia high school, he met his first true friend, Luciano Serra. The two met again in Bologna, where Pasolini spent seven years completing high school. Here he cultivated new passions, including football.
With other friends, including Ermes Parini, Franco Farolfi, Elio Meli, he formed a group dedicated to literary discussions. In , Pasolini graduated and entered the Literature College of the University of Bologna , discovering new themes such as philology and aesthetics of figurative arts.
He also frequented the local cinema club. Pasolini always showed his friends a virile and strong exterior, totally hiding his interior turmoil. In his poems of this period, Pasolini started to include fragments in Friulan , a minority language he did not speak but learned after he had begun to write poetry in it. The work was noted and appreciated by such intellectuals and critics as Gianfranco Contini , Alfonso Gatto and Antonio Russi.
He was chief editor of a magazine called Il Setaccio "The Sieve" , but was fired after conflicts with the director, who was aligned with the Fascist regime. A trip to Germany helped him also to perceive the "provincial" status of Italian culture in that period. These experiences led Pasolini to revise his opinion about the cultural politics of Fascism and to switch gradually to a Communist position. Here he joined a group of other young enthusiasts of the Friulan language who wanted to give Casarsa Friulan a status equal to that of Udine , the official regional standard.
In the meantime Casarsa suffered Allied bombardments and forced enlistments by the Italian Social Republic , as well as partisan activity. Pasolini tried to distance himself from these events. Starting in October , Pasolini, his mother and other colleagues taught students unable to reach the schools in Pordenone or Udine. This educational workshop was considered illegal and broke up in February This devastated Pasolini and his mother. That same month, Pasolini graduated from university after completing a final thesis about the work of Giovanni Pascoli — , an Italian poet and classical scholar.
In October he traveled to Rome. The following May he began the so-called Quaderni Rossi, handwritten in old school exercise books with red covers. He completed a drama in Italian, Il Cappellano. His poetry collection, I Pianti "The cries" , was also published by the Academiuta.
Relationship with the Italian Communist Party[ edit ] Provinces of Friuli—Venezia Giulia By October , the political status of the Friuli region became a matter of contention between different political factions. Pasolini wanted a Friuli based on its tradition, attached to its Christianity, but intent on civic and social progress , as opposed to those advocates of regional autonomy who wanted to preserve their privileges based on "immobilism".
Pasolini founded the party Movimento Popolare Friulano, but ended up quitting upon realizing that it was being used by the Christian Democratic Party to counter the Yugoslavs, who in turn were attempting to annex large swaths of the Friuli region.
He took part in several demonstrations after joining the PCI. In May , he attended the Peace Congress in Paris.
Observing the struggles of workers and peasants, and watching the clashes of protesters with Italian police, he began to conceive his first novel. During this period, while holding a position as a teacher in a secondary school, he stood out in the local Communist Party section as a skillful writer defying the notion that communism was contrary to Christian values, even though Pope Pius XII had excommunicated communist sympathisers from the Roman Catholic Church.
Local Christian Democrats took notice. In the summer of , Pasolini was told by a priest to renounce politics or lose his teaching position. Someone informed Cordovado, the local sergeant of the carabinieri , of sexual conduct masturbation by Pasolini with three youngsters aged sixteen and younger after dancing and drinking.
Cordovado nevertheless drew up a report, and the informer elaborated publicly on his accusations, sparking a public uproar. A judge in San Vito al Tagliamento charged Pasolini with "corruption of minors and obscene acts in public places". Cordovado informed his superiors and the regional press stepped in. He addressed a critical letter to the head of the section, his friend Ferdinando Mautino, and claimed he was being subject to a "tacticism" of the PCI.
He also wrote her a letter admitting his regret for being "such a naive, even indecently so". He was acquitted of both indecency charges in and Instead of asking for help from other writers, Pasolini preferred to go his own way.
In , with the help of the Abruzzese -language poet Vittorio Clemente, he found a job as a secondary school teacher in Ciampino , a suburb of the capital. He had a long commute involving two train changes, and earned a meagre salary of 27, lire. At this point, his cousin Graziella moved in. His first novel, Ragazzi di vita English: Hustlers , was published in The work had great success but was poorly received by the PCI establishment and, most importantly, by the Italian government.
It initiated a lawsuit for "obscenity" against Pasolini and his editor, Garzanti. In , together with Francesco Leonetti , Roberto Roversi and others, Pasolini edited and published a poetry magazine called Officina.
The magazine closed in after fourteen issues. That year he also published his second novel, Una vita violenta, which unlike his first was embraced by the Communist cultural sphere: he subsequently wrote a column for the PCI magazine Vie Nuove from to , which were published in book form in as Le belle bandiere The Beautiful Flags.
Fellini also asked him to work on dialogue for some episodes of La dolce vita. Along with Ragazzi di vita, he had his celebrated poem Le ceneri di Gramsci published, where Pasolini voiced tormented tensions between reason and heart, as well as the existing ideological dialectics within communism, a debate over artistic freedom, socialist realism and commitment.
Although Pasolini tried to distance himself from neorealism , the film is considered to be a kind of second neorealism. Nick Barbaro, a critic writing in the Austin Chronicle , stated it "may be the grimmest movie" he has ever seen.
In , the episode "La ricotta", included in the anthology film RoGoPaG , was censored and Pasolini was tried for "offense to the Italian state and religion". Pasolini was a member of the jury at the 16th Berlin International Film Festival in Regarding the Battle of Valle Giulia , which took place in Rome in March , he said that he sympathized with the police, as they were "children of the poor", while the young militants were exponents of what he called "left-wing fascism".
Pasolini had proclaimed that the festival would be managed by the directors. In , Pasolini started to collaborate with the extreme-left association Lotta Continua , producing a documentary, 12 dicembre, concerning the Piazza Fontana bombing. At the beginning of Garzanti published a collection of his critical essays, Scritti corsari "Corsair Writings". Murder[ edit ] Pasolini was murdered on 2 November on the beach at Ostia. Multiple bones were broken and his testicles were crushed by what appeared to be a metal bar.
An autopsy revealed that his body had been partially burned with gasoline after death. The crime was long viewed as a Mafia-style revenge killing, one extremely unlikely to have been carried out by only one person. Pasolini was buried in Casarsa.
He was convicted in , initially with "unknown others", but this phrase was later removed from the verdict. He claimed that three people "with a Southern accent" had committed the murder, insulting Pasolini as a "dirty communist".
Pier Paolo Pasolini
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