His father, John Murray Dowie, was a tailor and part time preacher. In his family immigrated to Australia, and moved to the town of Adelaide. Dowie became a member of the Congregational church, and decided he wanted to enter the ministry. He went to the University of Edinburgh to study. While there he was exposed to the teachings of Edward Irving, who had been a student there. Irving believed that cessassionist theology was wrong, and the gifts were still available to the church today.
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Dowie moved with his family to Australia as a boy but returned to Edinburgh to study theology. He entered the Congregational ministry in as a pastor in Alma, Australia, and spent the next several years campaigning against the use of tobacco and alcohol. From a personal experience of healing he developed an interest in spiritual healing and eventually founded the International Divine Healing Association. In he went to the U.
After receiving little attention in San Francisco, he settled in Chicago. There he became increasingly successful as an evangelist and healer and won every one of nearly a hundred suits brought against him by doctors and clergymen who opposed his practices. In he founded the Christian Catholic Church, which emphasized spiritual healing but otherwise differed little from the more millennialist of the Protestant churches. In he established the City of Zion on the shore of Lake Michigan , about 40 miles north of Chicago, with about 5, of his followers.
In the same year he proclaimed himself Elijah the Restorer and, later, First Apostle of the church. Various industries were begun and the town prospered, with Dowie in sole control of the businesses. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:.
John Alexander Dowie
Biography[ edit ] Early life and education[ edit ] Dowie was born in Edinburgh , Scotland to John Murray Dowie, a tailor and preacher, and his wife. There Dowie found work in a prosperous bootmaker retail and factory business developed by his paternal uncle, Alexander Dowie. Career[ edit ] After Dowie completed the program and returned to Australia, he was ordained in as pastor of a Congregational church at Alma, South Australia near Hamley Bridge. Dowie received and accepted a call in to a pastorate at Manly, New South Wales , and at Newtown in They had three children: Gladstone — , Jeanie — , and Esther — About this time he gave up his pastorate as a Congregational clergyman and became an independent evangelist , holding his meetings in a theatre and claiming powers as a faith healer.
"A.J. Christ Dowie and the Harmonial Philosophy"
His family emigrated to Australia when he was thirteen; there he attended seminary and held a number of pastoral positions in the Congregational Church before resigning the last to become a full-time non-denominational evangelist in As a young man he experienced a healing from chronic indigestion which he attributed to divine intervention; this led to his growing activity as a faith healer and ultimately to the foundation of his International Divine Healing Association. He left for the United States in , and after two years on the Pacific coast moved to Evanston, Illinois. This assertion Dowie supported by linguistic acrobatics worthy of Joyce himself: "Who are we, if we are not Israel? Whence came we, this imperial Anglo-Saxon race? How this squared with his belief that the Celts were also "I-sax-sons" is hard to make out: " Dowie owned everything personally, although settlers were offered 1,year leases i.