In A. There he first studied under al-Shaikh al-Mufid, who died in A. The latter remained in this position until his death in A. During this time al-Shaikh al-Tusi was closely associated with al-Sharif al-Murtada. In Tughril-bek the leaders of the Saljuqids entered Baghdad. Al-Shaikh al-Tusi, seeing the danger of remaining in Baghdad, left and went to al-Najaf.
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He is the best known jurist and Mujtahid of the Shia. Born in Tus in AH, he lived his early life there. He received primary education in his homeland of Iran , and had higher studies in Baghdad. At the time Baghdad was the seat of the Abbasid Caliphate and a great center of learning.
Consequently, Baghdad was a seat of learning and meeting point for scholars and intellectuals from all parts of the world. The greatest personality of this period was Shaykh Mufid who resided in the Shia neighborhood of Karkh in an opulent atmosphere. This work summarized by Shaykh Tusi that was titled Talkhis al-Shafi. Therefore they asked me to summarize it Tahdhib al-Ahkam and devote care to its compilation and abridgement, and to begin each section with an introduction about what I relied on for the legal decisions and traditions in it; then I should follow with those traditions which disagree and explain the reconciliation between the two without leaving out anything which was influential.
It does not include many traditions and explanations are brief. It included three parts. The first two parts are about Worship except Jihad and the last part is allocated to subjects of jurisprudence.
The first part includes chapters with Hadiths. The second part has chapters with Hadiths and the last part included chapters with Haithes. To avoid distortion, Shaykh Tusi determined number of Hadiths in the book exactly. Al-Istibsar included Hadiths.
In specific print of book, Hadiths have been reported that is caused by manner of counting.
Tahdhib al-ahkam (book)
Tahdhib al-ahkam contains hadiths in fiqh Islamic jurisprudence and the laws of sharia narrated from Ahl al-Bayt a. Tahdhib al-ahkam contains hadiths about the laws of sharia, providing many hadiths required for ijtihad or inquiry about such laws. The book contains many issues in fiqh, usul al-fiqh the principles of the Islamic jurisprudence , rijal and other fields. In this book, al-Shaykh al-Tusi did not concern himself with issues in the principles of Shiite beliefs, restricting himself to issues related to all areas of fiqh or laws of sharia, from kitab al-tahara the book of cleanliness to kitab al-diyat the book of diya or blood money. The sources appealed to by al-Shaykh al-Tusi in this book are the Quran the apparent or explicit meaning or connotations or implications thereof , absolutely authentic hadiths such as al-khabar al-mutawatir , that is, frequently narrated hadiths, or ones with assuring evidence for their authenticity , consensus by Muslims or by Shiite scholars, and hadiths that are well-known among the companions of Imams a. Moreover, al-Shaykh al-Tusi has also cited contradicting hadiths , pointing to how to reconcile them with other hadiths or to weakness in them such as unreliability of their chains of narrators or the companions of Imams a refusing to act upon them. The book contains sections and hadiths.
Great Shi'i Works: 'Tahdhib al-Ahkam' and 'Al-Istibsar' by Al-Tusi
Title[ edit ] Tahdhib al-Ahkam is translated by Ludwig W. Adamec as confirmation of decision  and by I. According to viewpoint of Ali Nasiri, Shaykh Tusi authored this book basis on the six phases:  Mention the jurisprudential issues by keeping the structure of the book al-Muqni by Shaykh al-Mufid Recounting their proof except tradition Hadith : Shaykh Tusi nominated to three type of proof, the Quran , Sunnah and consensus agreement of the Muslim scholars basically on religious issues. The types of Quranic evidence was described by him.